Lasix Allergy Sulfa

What Is A Sulfa Allergy?

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According to Dr. James T. Li of the Mayo Clinic, the term "sulfa allergy" is often described as an adverse drug reaction to antibiotics containing sulfonamides. These medications may begin with the prefix "sul, " or "sulfa, " although this is not always the case. Additionally, people with HIV or AIDS may be more sensitive to sulfonamides or similar medications. Certain medications are related to sulfonamides, such as Lasix, Microzide, diabetic medications like Glynase and Amaryl, some nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory medications like Celebrex, and migraine medications like Imitrex. Speaking with a health care professional about the safety of these medications is advised.


According to an article reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc., adverse reactions to drugs are common. Reactions can cause irritating or mild side effects such as nausea or vomiting. Severe reactions include anaphylaxis. These reactions can occur with any medications, however, a true drug allergy is defined as a series of chemical steps that produce an allergic reaction. With initial use of a sulfa drug, an allergic reaction would cause the body's immune system to attack, producing histamines and antibodies that may cause skin reactions and hives. Sulfa is described as one of the common allergy causing drugs.


According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, anaphylaxis is a severe, generalized allergic reaction that can be caused by foods or drugs, such as sulfa drugs. The symptoms of anaphylaxis include skin reactions, swelling and flushing, respiratory reactions such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and tightening in the chest and throat. Vital signs may indicate a rapid heart rate and low blood pressure. An individual experiencing these symptoms may also feel dizzy and nauseated. These symptoms may occur suddenly or mildly and then progress. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening situation, requiring immediate medical attention. Even if symptoms improve, they will worsen again without treatment.


Treating an allergic reaction caused by sulfa drugs includes discontinuing the drugs and in the case of anaphylaxis, an evaluation by an allergist. Adrenaline, or epinephrine, is a prescription medication used to treat anaphylaxis. It should be given immediately after the attack.


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Source: www.livestrong.com

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Treat the underlying condition.

A person with ascites usually has severe liver disease.
The condition that causes ascites will be treated, if possible.
Treatment may include:
•Diuretics, or "water pills," to help remove the fluid; usually, spironolactone (Aldactone) is used first, and then furosemide (Lasix) will be added
•Antibiotics, if an infection develops
•Limiting salt in the diet (no more tha...es that do not respond to medical treatment include:
•Placing a tube into the area to remove large volumes of fluid (called a large volume paracentesis)
•Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), which helps reroute blood around the liver
Patients who develop end-stage liver disease, and whose ascites no longer respond to treatment will need a liver transplant.

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